Reducing the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes for ESL Students

This lesson plan (CERF A2 or CLB 4 - Canada) is designed to teach adult ESL learners about diabetes and how to reduce the risk.

Type 2 diabetes is a global epidemic, with cases rising in Canada, the UK and globally.

It is a serious, chronic disease that disproportionately affects specific ethnic populations (Asian, Southeast Asian, African, and Hispanic). 

Immigrants from South Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa have a 2 to 3 times greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than Western European or North American immigrant populations.

Typically cases of T2DM are diagnosed in adults; however there has also been a steady rise in Canada among children and youth with an over representation of South East Asians and African Canadians (Public Health Agency of Canada, 2011). 

In the UK, the risk of diabetes is five times higher for immigrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh and three times higher for Indian immigrants, with an associated increased risk of complications, morbidity and mortality compared with the native white Caucasian population (Jayawardena, Ranasinghe, Byrne,  Soares, Katulanda, Hills , 2012).

Men and women who immigrated to the U.K. from India, West Africa and the Caribbean developed diabetes at twice the rate of British people of European descent, according to a 20-year study.

Research suggests that weight loss, regular physical activity, and diet have been shown to be effective methods in prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes (Ahmad & Crandall, 2010; Canadian Diabetes Association, 2011).  This is why I believe that it is important to talk to students about reducing the risks of developing type 2 diabetes.